New research shows dingoes do not suppress feral cat and fox populations

Sheep Central September 12, 2023

Wild dogs in Western Australia.

A newly released scientific paper has found the argument to leave dingoes unrestricted in the environment due to their control of invasive pests such as feral cats and foxes is flawed.

The paper, ‘Stuck in the mud: Persistent failure of ‘the science’ to provide reliable information on the ecological roles of Australian dingoes’, was published in the September 2023 edition of Biological Conservation and provides a critical review of the past 30 years of research into the relationship between dingoes and other mesopredators, such as feral cats and foxes.

The paper has found the majority of research did not have the scientific rigour to support conclusions that dingoes suppress feral cat and fox populations, with only eight studies over the past 30 years capable of assessing whether or not dingoes suppressed foxes and cats – and each of those showing they did not.

Dr Ben Allen

Dr Ben Allen, Senior Research Fellow (Wildlife Management) at the University of Southern Queensland and one of the research paper’s authors, said the last decade has seen an increase in some groups seeking to have legislation or policy changed on the basis that dingoes suppress feral cats and foxes. Each of these changes have been rejected and the most reliable research supports such rejections.

“There is no doubt that dingoes play important ecological roles, but our research shows that suppressing foxes and cats isn’t one of them,” said Dr Allen.

“These findings will help decision-makers continue to determine best practice wild dog management to ensure negative impacts on Australia’s agricultural, biodiversity and social assets are minimised.”

Greg Mifsud

Greg Mifsud, National Wild Dog Management Coordinator, said the paper puts an end to persistent claims that the control of wild dogs/dingoes should be stopped due to their top-down regulation of feral cats and foxes.

“This paper reinforces what we have been seeing and saying for years now – wild dog and dingo management does not lead to an increase in fox and feral cat populations,” said Mr Mifsud.

“In fact, long term field studies undertaken by the Centre for Invasive Species Solutions and partner organisations demonstrate that strategic and targeted wild dog/dingo management programs have the potential to reduce fox numbers by up to 100% and feral cats by as much as 50%.

If dingoes do not suppress feral cat and fox populations as this review paper demonstrates, then these control programs deliver a far greater conservation outcome for our native fauna.”

“This means that government policy to allow the targeted control of wild dogs/dingoes for the protection of livestock, domestic pets and human health is not leading to increased predation by feral cats and foxes.”

This research provides landholders and organisations the ability to strike a balance in terms of dingo control measures to mitigate environmental and livestock production costs, whilst acknowledging the important ecological role dingoes play as apex predators, and their cultural significance.

Source: National Wild Dog Action Plan. For more information visit the National Wild Dog Action Plan website here.


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  1. Duncan Banks, September 17, 2023

    Our Maremma livestock guard fdogs are effective at controlling foxes and cats. They eat the cats but not the foxes.

  2. Leigh Mullan, September 13, 2023

    Where are the interviews with other independent scientists not associated with the pest and the ag/pastoral industry, like authors Mr Allen and Kennedy? This is a very poor journalistic report on this publication.

  3. Leigh Mullan, September 13, 2023

    This could just have easily been stated, ….”last decade has seen an increase in some groups seeking to have legislation or policy changed on the basis that dingoes don’t suppress feral cats and foxes.”

    Both authors of this piece have very strong connections to the pest and pastoral industry. This is hardly an objective bit of science, nor is this article.

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